Best JavaScript Frameworks of 2022

Every other web page you see on the internet is using JavaScript not only for their front end but also for backend. Yes! JavaScript has come a long way and has paved the way in the development of dynamic web pages and web-based apps. Earlier JavaScript was only used in back end , but now it’s vastly used in server side programming. In a sentence, JavaScript is the language of the Web. And if you are a developer, you would have definitely learnt JavaScript to make your projects.

With technology getting advanced day after day, new JavaScript frameworks are being developed more than ever. And the development community has never reached a perfect answer for the question – “Which is the best framework among all ?” In this article we will be discussing some of the most widely used frameworks across the globe by the web developers.

You may be wondering what a framework is. A JavaScript framework is a set of code libraries that allow web developers to save time by incorporating pre-written code into their coding.

The advantage of the features such as a template that handles standard programming patterns can be quite beneficial while building a product. You can stop writing the same functionalities repeatedly when you start constructing an application with frameworks.

Let’s start with front end frameworks.

Front End JavaScript Frameworks

We will be covering the following front end js frameworks for UI.

  • AngularJS
  • React JS
  • Vue.Js
  • Ember JS
  • Svelte JS
  • Gatsby JS
  • Next JS

AngularJS

AngularJS is considered as one of the most powerful frameworks of JavaScript. It was developed by Google and it’s extensively used by developers to build single page applications. It enables transmission of all the contents right from the server to the precise browser and helps in arranging all the created web pages concurrently. Angular is fast and quick due to which it has become increasingly popular. Some key features of Angular are:

  • It can work across multiple operating systems.
  • It provides an instinct and fast API.
  • Some big organizations & companies like PayPal, LinkedIn, Lego, Hopscotch, Freelancer and several other popular companies are powering their UIs & Front Ends by AngularJS.
  • Flawless synchronization amid view and model

The developer needs to learn typescript language which is like a superset of Javascript. In comparison, Angular is a heavy framework which sometimes becomes a reason for the developers to look for other lighter frameworks.

React JS

ReactJS surpassed jQuery as the most popular web framework in 2022 with over 40% of professional developers claiming to use it extensively. React is a library of JavaScript and not a framework but it gives a strong competition to all other frameworks due to which it’s highly popular.

It was developed by Facebook and used to build highly responsive user interfaces.

It is declarative and component-based meaning you can reuse components to create complex UIs in a short time. React uses virtual DOM ,aka React-DOM to ensure fast rendering of various components.

Some key features of React are:

  • One way data binding
  • Provision of Reusable components.
  • Cross platform performance.
  • Simple to learn and use.
  • Examples of websites built with React are Airbnb, Dropbox, Asana, BBC etc.

Vue.js

Vue Js is also a widely used framework for building single page applications. It has got features of both React and Angular. Vue.js offers a very simple and swift fix for user interface, apps, and engaging web-based user interface development. It can empower modern-day single-page web-based apps. This framework is also known as progressive framework because of its capability of facilitating the design of high-end single-page web applications through dual integration mode.

Some key features of Vue are:

  • Cost effective virtual DOM option
  • It has built-in component that aids in CSS transitions and animations
  • It is a flexible framework
  • Upwork, Adobe, and Grammarly are some examples of applications built using Vue.

Ember JS

Ember JS is also one amongst the popular JavaScript frameworks. It’s used by developers widely to build high-end and scalable business applications.

Ember.js follows the popular MVVM (Model-View-View-Model) design style, just like we have in Vue.js. Ember.js’ USP is the CLI (command-line interface) toolset, which turns it into a productivity powerhouse. Although Ember.js is an older JavaScript framework, its scripting language still tops the table.

Some key features of Ember are:

● Large teams can easily use it
● It comes with computed properties which is the reason for its popularity.
● It has larger than 1500 add-ons that only have to grow with time
● Reusable and easy to maintain too
● Seamless URL support
● Offers client-rendering services
● Well-blended data layers.

Svelte JS

This framework was released in the year 2016 and it’s a free front end framework. Here we can create elements using any language of our comfort like HTML , CSS or JavaScript. Svelte JS doesn’t use virtual DOM unlike React JS and Vue.JS. It’s an open source framework written in Typescript. It runs at build time and converts the components into code that runs in the browsers, whereas others do the operations in the browser itself. Some notable features are:

  • The code is converted into Vanilla JavaScript.
  • It’s very reactive and responsive.
  • Less boilerplate is required to begin with

Gatsby JS

Seamless dynamic websites are made using this front end framework. The user-base can receive information from any of the data set sources using Gatsby JS. This framework was released in 2015. Gatsby JS is a modern, and GraphQL based static-site generator which is widely adaptable. This particular framework communicates content on the client-side right in the build time and helps in delivering matchless security and SEO results on a long-term basis.

Some notable features are:

  • Provides unrivaled security
  • Capability to write code in JS or SCSS or LESS
  • Easy and cost-effective scalability

Next JS : The React framework (by Vercel)

Next JS is a server-side rendering framework based on React.js and is a well known frontend framework among the web developers across the globe. This framework is based on the “Build Once, Run Everywhere” idea, allowing developers to create complex applications easily.

This framework supports the creation of Progressive web apps. (PWAs) and also it provides solutions to many SEO related problems. It has SEO advantage over React JS.

A remarkable feature of Next Js is that it has inbuilt CSS support.

Now let’s discuss some backend JavaScript frameworks briefly

Backend JavaScript Frameworks

Notable back end JavaScript frameworks that will be covered are:

  • Node.js
  • Express.JS

Node.js

Node js is a server side JavaScript runtime environment built on the V8 engine and it has got MIT license. It’s open source which is why many developers choose node.js for their backend development. Node can be used both on client and server side. It supports all of Java’s fundamental features which includes threading, packing and loop formation. This framework comes with a large library of JavaScript modules, which makes it much easier to create web applications. These modules apparently enhance the functionalities of nodejs. Node.js is also known to facilitate the integration of programming languages with Application Programming Interface(APIs), and also numerous other third party libraries.

Express.js

This is an application framework which is used for Node JS. It is a ready-to-use resolution for making web applications at a greater pace. Express JS is an open-source and minimalistic back-end JavaScript framework that is used to build complex APIs and web applications. It supports JavaScript and offers simple client routing requests.

It helps to reduce web application’s build time by half. The framework is lightweight and very easy for beginners to learn.

There are hundreds of JavaScript frameworks and every year these are enhanced and new ones are made. It depends on the kind of application we are building as to which framework to be used. We need to be good at least one or two frameworks and it’s not at all necessary to learn all of them and it’s nearly impossible to learn all the frameworks. Hope this article was helpful to you.

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